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Ney Care and Possible Problems
 
Ney Care and Possible Problems
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Ney is made from Kargı reed and naturally the main material used is cellulose-based. Even though the hollowed-out Kargi reed is a hard material, it is an instrument that, like all other instruments, must be stored with certain precautions taken into consideration.

 

The main complaints are the change in the sound of the Ney over time (within 1 year) or not being able to get a clear sound from the Ney.

Cellulose-based instruments are more sensitive to heat and moisture. For this reason, temperature and humidity changes in the ambient air directly affect your Ney. Excessive dryness and excessive moisture damage Ney. For this reason, the first precaution taken is to lubricate the Ney at certain intervals. An unlubricated Ney will have difficulty in producing clean sound in terms of sound quality, and since it will come into direct contact with the air, its resistance to heat and humidity will decrease and cause some damage. Even the moisture released from your breath while blowing affects your Ney. A type of fungus, which we call mold, may form on the music box and inner surface of the Ney that is exposed to moisture.

 

Cellulose-based material may rot over time. In ney, this usually occurs in the form of decay in the cut knots, and as a result, holes may occur at the ends of the knots under the knots.

 

Depending on the conditions, the ney may bend or warp. For this reason, Ney should be kept in an airy environment that is not variable in terms of humidity and temperature, not exposed to direct sun, and preferably hung upside down. It is important how you store your ney when you are not playing it.

Although it is rare, over time, for any reason, your chin may crack or accidentally break. Generally, Ney masters can repair these damages.

 
Change of Ney's Sound

 
Change of Ney's Sound

Generally, Neyzen candidates complain over time (within 1 year) of changing the sound of Ney or getting a clean sound from Ney.

The sound change of ney is based on different reasons. 

First of all, after the new Ney is opened, its sound usually gets steeper as it is blown. For this reason, Ney masters turn their Ney low by about half a sound. For this reason, when you look at the tuner or compare it to a seated Ney, you may complain that this Ney is worse, but this is a must-have. A newly opened Ney finds its full sound and tone only after 1 year. If it is still bad, the masters fine tune these Neys again.

Another problem is that over time, a wheezing sound comes from Ney or a sound cannot be produced. This situation usually occurs in Ney's that are not oiled. Heat and Humidity affect Ney's structure. Ney's should be lubricated at certain intervals in order to minimize its contact with the air and keep the current humidity rate more constant. On the other hand, poor quality oil or dusty environment will also affect Ney's voice. Especially the layer of oil and dirt that accumulates and solidifies on the inner surface can change the sound of your Ney or cause you to not be able to hear any sound. You can see this topic under the title How to Oil Ney. 

Sudden temperature changes can also cause you to not get the sound you want from your Ney. Neyzens generally warm up their Ney by blowing for a short time before performing a performance.


How to Lubricate Ney?
 

How to Lubricate Ney?


Lubrication is the most important maintenance rule. Oil; It protects the Ney by penetrating the porous structure of the ney reed. However, this oil should be a thin oil with a low acid value. Otherwise, the oil does not penetrate the Ney tissue as desired, and it also creates a layer on the Ney surface and this layer keeps more dirt.  For this reason, hazelnut oil, sesame oil, almond oil or corn oil are preferred. Rose and similar scented oils, which are used to give Ney a good smell, will make you faint after a while. For this reason, choose odorless oils. Apart from this, there is no special oil for Ney.

You should lubricate a newly opened Ney once a week in the first 3 months.
After 3 months, you can do this once every 2-3 weeks.
After 1 year, it is sufficient to lubricate once a month.
The more often you blow your Neyi, the less often it requires lubrication.
The best way of lubrication is to use Ney as an oil tank by closing the open side of a long and wide PVC pipe. Submerge your ney completely in oil and wait for 10 minutes. Then take out what. Hang it upside down from the Neva hole and let it rest for at least 4-5 hours for the oil to drain. If you do not have the opportunity to make such a tank, tape all the holes of your Ney. Cover the bottom with your finger and pour some oil from the jukebox. Move your Ney so that the oil reaches the entire inner surface. This method will also work for you.



 


What is Combustion in Ney?
 

What is Combustion in Ney?


The sound of what becomes better when played like many instruments. However, this change in the timbre character is very evident in Ney. As it is blown, the inner part of the reed, starting from the first knuckle called the sound box of Ney, darkens over time. This phenomenon, called "burning", is caused by the acid in the breath of the neyz penetrating the inner surface of the reed and slightly oxidizing a thin layer. This happens in a very slow process and usually starts as a small stain, approximately 6 months after the Ney is blown. In the time that passes until this process is completed, that is, the whole interior of what is blackened, the sound of Ney gradually becomes different and gains an impressive character rich in burns and natives. However, those who are not masters of ney try to clean it by thinking that it is fungus-mold, which is very wrong, you will erase the harmony you have gained by blowing it.
 


 


What is Mold in Ney?
 

What is Mold in Ney?


Ney can become moldy due to the humidity of the breath you blow, the humidity of the environment or if you keep your ney indoors for a long time. Do not confuse burning Ney and molding your Ney.

Mold appears as a dark, even cottony layer with a yellowish green edge and usually occurs on a jukebox. In this case, the Ney can be thoroughly washed with warm soapy water and the mold will be removed. Afterwards, Ney is left to dry thoroughly and oiled well after it dries completely.

Do not insert any hard object into the ney to clean it, as this can damage the music box and  knuckles inside, and it will destord tune. Keep your Ney in an airy environment to protect it from mildew. Do not leave it in humid environments. Never put it in its case immediately after blowing. If you are not carrying it somewhere, do not keep it in its case for a long time. Make sure that there are ventilation holes at both ends of the cover.



 


Strain on Ney
 

Strain on Ney


Cellulose, that is, plant-based Ney can bend and warp if not stored correctly. Especially if the reed is cut before it is ripe, opened before it is completely dried, if it is less than 3 years old, the conditions in which it is stored may cause this deterioration. It doesn't make any difference in tuning, but it may disturb you visually. For this reason, the Ney should not be left resting on a place for a long time, if it is to be placed on a flat place such as a table, the head piece should be brought out of the table and the ney should be fully laid on the surface, and if it is on the side hanger, the hanger intervals should not be too narrow or too wide. Otherwise, the Ney will sag and warp. The best way to store your Ney is to hang it upside down from the neva curtain. Never try to correct any bending or twisting that may occur on your ney. You can break it.
If the bending and warping situation, which does not cause any problems in terms of sound, visually disturbs you, ask a specialist for help to fix it.



 


Cracks and Breaks on Ney
 

Cracks and Breaks on Ney

Your Ney may crack for various reasons. If these cracks are not repaired, the cracks will progress and Ney may become unusable. Ney masters can repair these cracks according to the situation. For this reason, if you have a particularly good Ney and it has cracks, definitely give it to a master to repair it without neglecting it.


 

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